Skatteverket använder termerna “personal identity number” “co-ordination number” i sin broschyr Population registration in Sweden SKV 717B.
All persons who are registered in Sweden are given a personal identity number. The personal identity number is an identity designation that you retain your whole life. The personal identity number consists of a person’s date of birth, a birth number and a check digit. The only information that can be gleaned from your personal identity number is your date of birth and sex. The sex is specified by the second to last digit, and is odd for males and even for females.
“Social security number” är snarast en amerikansk motsvarighet till personnummer, och inte en bra översättning när man faktiskt menar ett svenskt personnummer.
Om co-ordination number (samordningsnummer)
A co-ordination number is an identification for people who are not or have not been registered in Sweden. The purpose of co-ordination numbers is so that public agencies and other functions in society are able to identify people even if they are not registered in Sweden.
The Swedish Tax Agency allocates co-ordination numbers upon request. All Government authorities and certain private higher education institutions have the right to request co-ordination numbers.
The co-ordination number is to stay with a person their entire life, and no two identical co-ordination numbers can ever exist. If a person who receives a co-ordination number is later registered, the coordination number is replaced by a personal identity number.
Vissa lärosäten har egna nummer som liknar personnummer. KTH har Temporary registration number (“T-number”):
The personal identity number issued by the Tax Agency should not be confused with the temporary registration number, a 4-digit number following your date of birth containing the letter ‘T’, given to you by KTH when you were admitted. Format of T-number: YYMMDD-TXXX
Stockholms universitet använder P-number och T-number:
Exchange students receives a P-number. An exchange student will have the P-number throughout their stay at Stockholm University (P=Permanent).
International students staying more than one year receives a T-number. An international students will have the T-number temporary (T=Temporary). After arrival students staying for more than one year should immediately go to the Swedish Tax Office to receive a Swedish Identity Number. A Swedish Identity Number entitles you health care and other benefits for the same price as locals.
T-nummer och P-nummer kan bara användas inom respektive lärosäte, och inte utanför lärosätet.
Organisationsnummer heter på engelska “registration number” eller “company registration number”.